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Trade missions are one of the best-known export promotion instruments initiated and organized by governments, business associations, and consulting firms. However, their effectiveness is highly contested with some researchers doubting their worth. What is clear is that organizing a trade mission is one thing, but ensuring that it brings maximum results and outcomes is entirely another.�
Several tragic events related to crime and the administrations of justice have highlighted the effects of societal inequality on the life chances of the African American population, especially young males. These include a number of high profile killings in which the victims were African American males and the perpetrators were police officers. These deaths also highlight other important areas for intellectual exploration which have the potential to shape public policy making considerations that extend far beyond the criminal justice arena. Imprisonment, crime, disease, substance abuse, and accidents all contribute to the much wider gap in the community-level sex ratios found among African Americans compared to those observed among other ethnic and racial groups in the U.S. The intersection between public health and public safety is clearly an area in need of inquiry. In this volume, authors draw from theoretical and methodological frameworks in the health, social and behavioral sciences to illustrate how poor outcomes among individuals and communities can be linked to the interplay of multiple factors operating at various levels.
This volume presents multidisciplinary perspectives from leading scholars in the science of teams and intelligent tutoring systems (ITSs) on research needed to advance the state of the art of team ITSs. Our esteemed authors provide lessons learned to guide future research that will produce the technical capabilities needed to support team skills development. The introduction by Drs. Robert Sottilare and Eduardo Salas, who are leaders in the field of ITSs and team science, discusses the challenges and approaches to building ITSs for teams. The volume?s first section introduces concepts for understanding team training such as team task analysis, team macrocognition, measurement strategies for dynamic processes, and effective team training methods to provide insights into ITS design. Section two presents recent advances in team assessment and feedback through unobtrusive assessments, modeling dynamic team interactions, neurodynamic scaffolding, and collaborative tutoring strategies. In the Volume?s third section authors discuss lessons learned from past research, provide a discourse on the five disciplinary perspectives of engineering, learning sciences, team research, data analysis, and human computer interaction to create a framework for guiding team ITS developers, and examine the team ITS requirements for long term space travel. The final chapter summarizes and integrates lessons learned and provides recommendations for future research and development.
Imagine a world with great leadership. What would that world be like ? better or worse? Now ratchet great leadership up to exceptional leadership and suddenly we have cause for optimism. How do we design exceptional leadership? Will we know it when we see it or experience it? Traditional paradigms of leadership have celebrated decisive top-down control and analytical decision-making. But times are changing. The world is more connected, complex, fluid and interdependent. This book debunks the myth that leaders need to be creative like designers to apply Design Thinking. �
The almost universal reliance upon digital tools for social, academic, and career development will only become more pronounced in the years to come. Teacher education programs remain ill-equipped to adequately prepare educators with the pedagogies needed to foster digital literacies. What is needed is a set of best practices towards teaching digital literacies so that teachers can better meet the emerging needs of their students in today?s classrooms.�
Where should teachers begin? What are the essentials of digital literacies within K-12 contexts? And how might we reimagine teacher education programs to optimally prepare teachers for working with technologically connected youth, whose literacies are more complex, interconnected, and diverse than ever?This volume provides a practical framework for teacher education programs to develop K-12 students? digital literacies. It offers a set of best practices in teaching digital literacies that promote access to research-based pedagogies for immediate implementation in classrooms.
If you are thinking about starting your own agency; have started one and hit your first round of growing pains, or are a veteran looking for an exit, this book is for you.�
This volume presents twenty updated and new theories of travelers? decisions and behaviors. It describes the advances in theory construction and practical applications of theory in the disciplines of tourism, hospitality, leisure, and entertainment (THLE) research. The chapters all build on the grand models appearing in these four literature streams during 1965-2015.
This approach is comprehensive in both coverage and depth with regard to constructing, testing, and applying theories of travelers? decisions and behaviors, which includes original work in updating grand theories and micro (algorithm-conscious and non-conscious based) theories of travelers? decisions and behavior. This volume is the first to fully recognize and construct theories across the THLE discipline.
This volume describes the synergies, symbioses, and serendipity occurring in THLE behavior. It tears down researchers' parochial fences of what is and is not tourism, hospitality, leisure, and entertainment. The time has arrived tor tourism to embrace hospitality, hospitality to embrace tourism, and all to embrace leisure and entertainment, and this volume serves as a catalyst to accomplish this embrace.
This collective book offers a cross-country perspective on the internationalisation of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Scholars from prestigious institutions in Europe, North America, Australia and China provide new insights on how SMEs develop and perform their international activities. Their innovative approach is particularly useful to understand the major role played by SMEs in today?s global economy.
The authors identify key factors that facilitate the international expansion of SMEs. They explain how SMEs can succeed in their development in both mature and emerging economies. Their findings are based on quantitative surveys and in-depth case-studies, and the resulting recommendations are provided to help SME managers increase the performance of their international activities.
This volume provides educators with an understanding of challenges associated with equity and inclusion at higher education institutions globally and with evidence-based strategies for addressing the challenges associated with implementing equity and inclusion. Higher education institutions continue to address an increasingly complex set of issues regarding equity, diversity and inclusion; many face increasing pressure to find innovative solutions for eliminating access and participation barriers and mitigating practices that impede access, persistence, retention, and graduation rates in higher education. Using comparative international perspectives, this volume looks at how different nations and cultures experience power, privilege, identity, and inclusion with respect to participation in tertiary education, with a specific focus on gender identities.
This volume examines how universities and colleges are working towards implementing various interventions to integrate refugees along with non-governmental organizations and local governments to achieve an optimal level of integration with host communities. The first part of the volume addresses the challenges of educating and integrating refugee populations, while the second part considers methods for establishing support systems. Using case studies and other empirical research, this volume presents a broad and in-depth overview of the various methods implemented to integrate the refugees into society.�The international case studies reveal�the complexity of the perception-practice dynamic and the multi-faceted factors that influence various levels of integration.
The financial stress of 2008 pushed the world economy into its most severe recession since the Great Depression. Despite the apparent risk financial stress poses to the real economy, the relationship between financial stress and economic activity is complex and not well understood. The present study focuses on the impact caused by the 2008 financial break-down, and its connection to the real economy. It has been observed that few countries have partially recovered from the 2008 financial market shock, and some countries are still struggling in one way or the other to come out of it.�