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Biology of Plant Establishment
Seedling establishment is the most critical phase in plant development, making the seedling an important area in basic and applied research. This new graduate-level textbook presents key topics such as different types of germination, the transition from seed to seedling, hormonal regulation of trophisms and morphogenesis and autotrophy acquisition, going on to consider seedling ecology, how seedlings survive in extreme environments and the seedling stage in weeds, agriculture and environmental plants. Written by authors from diverse fields of study and research, this textbook is an essential resource for students and researchers in plant ecology, botany, agriculture, conservation, and restoration ecology.

Table of Contents:
1) Introduction
1.1 What is a seedling?
1.2 The biological significance of the seedling stage

2) From seed to seedling
2.1 Seed dispersal
2.1.1 The role of dispersal
2.1.2 Morphological adaptations assisting dispersal
2.2 The internal morphology of seeds
2.2.1 Storage tissues
2.2.2 Embryo types
2.3 Seed germination
2.3.1 Definition of germination
2.3.2 Dormancy and soil seed banks
2.3.3 Conditions for germination
2.3.4 Events before and after radicle protrusion

3) Seedling structure and development
3.1. Morphological types of germination
3.1.1. Epigeal germination
3.1.2. Hypogeal germination
3.2. Seedling development and establishment
3.2.1. Seed size and life form
3.2.2. Stages of seedling development
3.3. Seedling vigour

4) Seedling biochemistry
4.1. From seed to seedling - transition to a photoautotrophic life-style
4.1.1. Mobilization of food reserves
4.1.2. Development of the photosynthetic capacity
4.2. Nutrient and water uptake: nitrogen and sulphur assimilation
4.3. Protection from environmental stress
4.3.1. Water
4.3.2. Light intensity
4.3.3. Soil chemistry
4.3.4. Oxidative stresses
4.4. Predation protection
4.4.1. Shoots
4.4.2. Roots
4.5. Response to damage (cell death / necrosis / arrested development)

5) The co-ordination of early development
5.1. The physics of emergence
5.2. Tropisms
5.2.1. Geotropism
5.2.2. Phototropism
5.2.3. Thigmotropism
5.2.4. Circadian rhythms
5.3. Photomorpogenesis
5.4 Signalling networks and coordination of development

6) Seedling ecology
6.1 Why seedlings die
6.1.1 Abiotic factors
6.1.2. Biotic factors
6.2. Community structure and dynamics
6.3. Impacts of climate change
6.4. Relevance for ecological restoration?

7) Specialised life styles - extreme environments
7.1. Parasitic
7.2. Aquatic
7.3. Salt marsh/mangrove
7.4. Desert
7.5. Mycorrhizal

8) Specialised life styles - agricultural & environmental plants
8.1. Maximising plant seedling establishment
8.2. Creating uniformity and synchrony
8.3. Creating rapid growth
8.4. Promoting competitive ability

9) Specialised life styles - weeds
9.1. Minimising weed seedling establishment
9.2. Competitive interactions with crops
9.3. Chemical interactions with crops
9.4. Special tolerances to stresses
9.5. Promoting competitive ability

10) Summary Chapter
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Equine Learning and Behaviour
This book provides an up-to-date account of the behavioral biology of horses. The author examines the mechanisms and cognitive functions behind individual and social behavior while tackling the experimental methodology behind the accurate interpretation of equine behavior and cognition. The book also addresses the learning abilities of horses and demonstrates the applicability of learning theory to training and handling. Also covered are temperament, management and some of the behavioral issues that arise primarily as a result of human contact.

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Companion Animal Behaviour Problems
Prevention and Management of Behaviour Problems in Veterinary Practice
Ensuring the well-being of animals is a primary concern for every veterinary practice. Split into easily accessible sections, part one of this book outlines the origin of animal behavior and how this has adapted to the domestic environment. Part two focuses on the role of the veterinary practice in preventing undesirable behavior, such as practice design, socialization classes and communication with owners. Part three gives practical advice for handling dangerous animals, discussing options such as euthanasia and working with referral veterinarians. Behavioral problems remain the number one cause of companion animal euthanasia; this book seeks to improve the situation for all involved.

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Tropical and Subtropical Fruits Postharvest [CANCELLED]
Physiology and Technology
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The Rising Consciousness of Female Veteran Students [CANCELLED]
A Guide for Student Affairs Professionals and Teaching Faculty
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Tourism Destination Marketing
Collaborative Strategies
Destination marketing requires businesses in a geographically limited area to work together to create greater levels of awareness of the destination. This book provides a holistic and systematic view of the collaborative strategies and processes with a focus on capacity and competence building for tourism organizations and destinations within an increasingly competitive marketing context. This book introduces the concept of collaboration and strategic networks as a destination marketing strategy. The book also provides valuable insights and guidelines into the process of strategic networking, while evidence from case studies has been integrated to support and enhance the strategies proposed. The book's systematic approach of combining theoretical/conceptual framework with practical industry implications makes the concepts easy to understand and implement in the business world.

Table of Contents:
1. Introduction
2. Networking and destination marketing: theories and application
3. Preconditions for networks in destination marketing
4. Motivations for forming marketing networks
5. Success and inhibiting factors for building marketing networks
6. Stages of marketing networks/alliance formation
7. Governance structure of marketing networks
8. Forms of business relationships in marketing networks
9. Driving factors for relationship configuration in a destination
10. Outcomes of strategic destination marketing networks
11. Building blocks of destination marketing networks
12. Roles and responsibilities of DMOs in destination marketing
13. Look into the future: challenges for DMOs
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Microbial Metabolomics
Advances in Molecular and Cellular Microbiology
Metabolomics enables new scientific discoveries in the life sciences that make it of increasing interest in biology. Focusing on analysing different small molecules produced or modified by living cells in a high throughput fashion, metabolomics plays an essential role in functional genomics and systems biology studies. Starting with a general introduction to the field, this research-level book addresses the unique challenges associated with microbial metabolomics, such as low biomass concentration and distinction between intra and extracellular compounds, covering the latest developments in microbial metabolomics before discussing data generation and analysis and applications of quantitative metabolomics.

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The Neighbourhood of Love
Technique and Science in Psychoanalysis
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A School with a View
Teachers' Work, Social Justice and 21st Century Schools
If public schools are going to survive the current assaults from individuals and groups who have chosen to focus on the needs of private interests while simultaneously disregarding the larger needs of a rapidly changing diverse culture, we need dynamic public schools more than ever before.

A School with a View: Teachers' Work, Social Justice and 21st Century Schools is an examination of teachers’ work, its history, and its current status. However, more importantly, it is a critical analysis that lays the groundwork for moving forward and asserting a vision of the role that teachers must play in the transformation of 21st century schools that promote social justice as their first priority.

Steven Covey argued that, “We must begin with the end in mind,” and at this point a vision for the teaching profession and the public schools is desperately needed. We are floundering in rough seas and there is an all-too-frequent reliance on “tried and true” responses to problems that are grounded in histories that lack relevance to the current situation, and ultimately, only seem to slow the steady accumulation of data documenting the failures of public schools and the blame heaped upon teachers who lack the power and authority to make meaningful changes to the structure and hierarchy of public spaces of learning. Important to any attempt to define and discuss teachers’ work is a meaningful and sustainable discussion of the intersection between the present realities of teachers’ work and school reform.

A School with a View presents a critical analysis of teachers’ roles and teachers’ work that can be used to shape a vision of what must happen if public schools are going to survive, adapt and respond to the demands of a 21st century democratic society.

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Developing National Action Plans on Transport, Health and Environment
A Step-by-step Manual for Policy-makers and Planners
A national transport, health and environment action plan (NTHEAP) is a key mechanism for developing sustainable and healthy transport in a country. It provides a comprehensive and intersectoral way to plan and take action on transport, environment and health at the national level.

NTHEAPs also call for work across sectors, and action can result in reducing health inequalities, thus contributing to achieving the aims of important European policies and strategies: Health 2020, the European policy for health and well-being; the 2010 Parma Declaration on Environment and Health; and the Action Plan for Implementation of the European Strategy for the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases 2012-2016.

This manual was developed to guide NTHEAP development by countries. It proposes four phases: planning, development, implementation and evaluation. It does not provide specifics on how to establish general policies or strategies on sustainable and healthy transport, an activity that usually precedes the development of NTHEAPs. The manual provides practical advice on each of the phases (and the steps that comprise them) in an NTHEAP and highlights good practices from the European Region.

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Adult Education and Victorian Civic Culture
The Mechanics' Institutes of South-eastern England 1825-1900
Mechanics’ Institutes were the first systematic attempt to provide adult education for skilled working-class men in the science and arts of their trade. The story of the Institutes in the industrial north and midlands is well documented, but far less is known of their south-eastern counterparts. Beginning with an introduction to the story of the Mechanics’ Institute Movement from its beginnings in 1823, the book traces the influences of the movement on developments in adult education to modern times. It highlights and explores the importance of each MI in its locality, arguing that every such institution was a unique creation of its membership and environment, and that most developed beyond their educational role to become a community center serving the local literary, intellectual and cultural needs. It demonstrates the vibrancy of a regional Mechanics’ Institute Movement that was sensitive to the areas’ particular training needs, as well as to the intellectual and cultural desires of its communities. The book concludes with a consideration of the achievements and influence of these south-eastern Mechanics’ Institutes, and assesses the possible lessons that can be learned.

Adult Education and Victorian Civic Culture will appeal to all students of history, history of education, and those interested in local civic history and culture.

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Towards Eliminating Perinatal Transmission of Paediatric HIV, Congenital Syphilis and Viral Hepatitis B in Yunnan
A Case Study, 2005-2012
The purpose of this case study is to describe how PMTCT services were delivered in our program and to highlight the achievements and challenges of the collaborative efforts to improve PMTCT services in Yunnan over the past eight years.

We hope that sharing our program experiences would be valuable for others implementing integrated HIV, syphilis and HBV PMTCT services in resource-limited settings and reach the WHO goal of “virtual elimination” of pediatric HIV and congenital syphilis by 2015.

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Establishing a National Substance Use Treatment Information System
A Step-by-Step Guide
This guide provides step-by-step guidance on the development of a national substance use treatment information system. The goal is to generate data on the individual characteristics and patterns of substance use among people in contact with the substance use treatment system, enabling treatment estimates of problematic substance use and the monitoring of treatment programs. It introduces a minimum data set as the basis for data collection based on a core set of indicators.

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HIV Test–Treat–Retain Cascade Analysis
This guide was developed to support national AIDS program managers and their partners to implement the HIV test–treat–retain cascade analysis at country level. It includes guidance on how to use the cascade model to assess the magnitude and determinants of engagement along the continuum of care and also opportunities to improve the delivery of services to PLHIV and, ultimately, access to HIV testing and treatment.

It suggests a process for conducting the cascade analysis in country in order to achieve broad stakeholder participation, consensus on the findings of the analysis and ownership of the conclusions and recommendations for improvements resulting from it.

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Conceptual and Strategic Approach to Family Practice
Towards Universal Health Coverage through Family Practice in the Eastern Mediterranean Region
Improving access to high-quality health care is one of the seven priorities for health system strengthening in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. The purpose of this document is to provide insight to public health policy-makers and managers of what it takes to introduce or strengthen family practice programs as the principal approach for the delivery of quality and effective health care services and to help realize commitments made in national health policies and strategies for moving towards universal health coverage.

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Increasing Access to Health Care Services in Afghanistan with Gender Sensitive Health Service Delivery
The availability of health care services does not guarantee that they will be optimally used by patients. Untimely use of health services and inadequate health-seeking behavior contribute to negative health outcomes for men and women. In part due to social norms, health-seeking patterns are often different for men and women.

Awareness of gender-influenced health-seeking patterns is a key component of gender-responsive health service delivery and essential to enhance timely and appropriate use of health services by both women and men. This policy brief describes some key outcomes of a gender assessment of men’s and women’s use of basic health services in seven provinces. It triangulates them with global research to identify key priorities and policy options for decreasing gender-related access barriers to health care services in Afghanistan.

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Wireless Communication Handbook
The book is a comprehensive study of the methods and standards used in wireless communications. Selected topics include cellular technology, digital transmission, digital carrier systems, error control, mobile phone technology, sim/smart cards, wireless propagation, multiple access, mobility management, AMPS/ETACs/D_AMP, global systems, CDMA, MIMO, SDMA systems, PSTN, wireless networks, Wi-Fi, mobile satellite systems, wireless Internet, Mobile TV, short range devices, Bluetooth, PDAs, 4G technologies, and more. Technical concepts that explain the design and planning of wireless communication are presented in detail. Multiple-choice questions have been included for use as a textbook.

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The Growing Need for Home Health Care for the Elderly
Home Health Care for the Elderly as an Integral Part of Primary Health Care Services
The document reviews the requirements for providing home health care services in terms of the kind of services required, who can provide the services, and eligibility for receiving the services, as well as the benefits and cost-effectiveness of home health care, patient satisfaction, quality assurance and patient safety in providing the services in home settings, establishing an effective referral system, and experiences from other Regions.

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Tensor Analysis for Engineers
Tensor analysis is used in engineering and science fields. Calculations of physical quantities in different systems of coordinates and transformations are required in scientific computations. This requires the use of mathematical concepts and application software. This book is designed to provide the necessary definitions, formulations, and procedures for tensor analysis and transformations to help engineers and scientists to perform their calculations in arbitrary coordinates systems.


• Application of AR (augmented reality) to enhance static figures

• Easy to understand mathematical concepts through numerous figures, solved examples, and exercises

• List of gradient-like operators for major systems of coordinates

• Companion disc with applications

Table of Contents:
1. Introduction.
2. Cartesian coordinate system-rotations.
3. Curvilinear and oblique coordinate systems.
4. Basis vectors and scale factors.
5. Contravariant and covariant vectors.
6. Tensor definitions and Metric tensor.
7. Jacobian, covariant and contravariant permutation symbols.
8. Dot and cross products relations for tensors
9.Transformation for contravariant and covariant tensors.
10. Covariant and contravariant derivatives
11. Grad, Del, Div operators in curvilinear coordinates.
12. Applications: cylindrical, spherical, parabolic, bi-spherical systems
13. Governing equations used in engineering. in arbitrary coordinate systems.
14. Examples.
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Blood Donor Counselling
Implementation Guidelines
Individuals who donate their blood provide a unique and precious gift in an act of human solidarity. In order to donate blood, prospective donors should be in good health and free from any infections that can be transmitted through transfusion. Most blood donors perceive themselves to be healthy, but some are unsuitable to donate blood due to the potential risk of compromising or worsening their own health or the risk of transmission of infections to patients.

Blood transfusion services (BTS) have a duty of care towards blood donors as well as to the recipients of transfusion. This duty of care extends to prospective donors who are deferred from donation--whether on a temporary or permanent basis--as well as those who donate blood and are subsequently found to have unusual or abnormal test results. BTS have a responsibility to confirm test results and provide information, counseling and support to enable these individuals to understand and respond to unexpected information about their health or risk status. Counseling is part of the spectrum of care that a BTS should be able to provide to blood donors--including referral to medical practitioners or specialist clinical services.

Pre-donation counseling was recognized as one element of the strategy to reduce and, if possible, prevent the donation of blood by individuals who might be at risk for HIV and other TTI including hepatitis B and C viruses as well as to inform the donor of the donation process and testing of blood for HIV. Post-donation counseling was acknowledged to be a necessary element of donor management as an adjunct to informing donors of unusual or abnormal test results.

Blood donor counseling by trained specialist staff is now considered to be a key component of the blood system in most countries with a well-developed blood transfusion service. It may be required at a number of stages in the blood donation process or following blood screening and should be available at any point at which the BTS has an interface with donors.

In many countries, however, blood donor counseling is not yet available in a structured way. Blood Donor Counselling: Implementation Guidelines has therefore been developed to provide guidance to blood transfusion services that have not yet established donor counseling programs.

Table of Contents:
1 Introduction

1.1 Blood donor counselling
1.2 Aim and objectives
1.3 Target audience
1.4 Methodology
2 Scope and stages of blood donor counselling
2.1 Scope and content of blood donor counselling
2.2 Stages of blood donor counselling
2.2.1 Stage 1: Pre-donation information
2.2.2 Stage 2: Pre-donation counselling
2.2.3 Stage 3: Counselling during blood donation
2.2.4 Stage 4: Post-donation counselling
3 Establishing a national system for blood donor counselling
3.1 National policy and guidelines on blood donor counselling
3.2 Infrastructure and facilities
3.3 Human and financial resources
3.4 Quality system
3.5 Reference laboratories
3.6 Donor information and education materials
3.7 Media and public relations
4 Ethical and legal considerations in blood donor counselling
4.1 Rights and responsibilities of the BTS and blood donors
4.2 Confidentiality and privacy
4.3 Informed consent
4.4 Voluntary partner notification and counselling for HIV and other TTI
4.5 Stigma and discrimination
4.6 Special considerations for adolescent blood donors
5 Training requirements for blood donor counselling
5.1 Objectives of training
5.2 Training methodology
5.3 Staff profiles
5.4 Responsibilities of BTS counsellors
5.5 Counselling knowledge and skills
5.6 Staff competency and supervision
6 Providing counselling services to blood donors
6.1 Essential features in the provision of blood donor counselling
6.2 BTS responsibilities in the provision of blood donor counselling
6.3 Models for the provision of post-donation counselling
6.4 Mode of communication with blood donors
6.5 Donor counselling in small and mobile facilities
7 Monitoring and evaluation of blood donor counselling
7.1 Objectives of monitoring and evaluation
7.2 Methods of monitoring and evaluation
7.3 Data for monitoring and evaluation
7.4 Monitoring and evaluation indicators
7.5 Monitoring and evaluation parameters
7.6 Donor surveys

Annex 1 Haemoglobin and iron: information for blood donors
Annex 2 Bruising: information for blood donors
Annex 3 Example of post-donation advice to blood donors
Annex 4 Steps in post-donation counselling of blood donors with confirmed TTI
Annex 5 HIV infection: information for blood donors
Annex 6 Hepatitis B virus infection: information for blood donors
Annex 7 Hepatitis C virus infection: information for blood donors
Annex 8 Syphilis: information for blood donors
Annex 9 Malaria: information for blood donors
Annex 10 Chagas disease: information for blood donors
Annex 11 Steps in obtaining informed consent for blood donation
Annex 12 Donor counselling training modules
Annex 13 Example of frequently asked questions
Annex 14 Example of a blood donor survey
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