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A timely look at the problem of unsupervised children and the risks and dangers that can occur is offered in the Second Edition. Thoroughly updated with new research, the authors put the latchkey phenomenon in perspective and attempt to dispel common misconceptions. They detail a variety of alternative care programs that have been successfully implemented in many communities in the United States, including after-school care, childminders, and after-school hotlines. Further they provide some strategies for businesses, government, schools, and libraries that are indirectly faced with significant care-giving responsibilities.
Taking both social and clinical psychological perspectives, this volume examines pressing community problems such as homelessness, racism, delinquency, alcoholism, violence, unemployment and workplace health. The contributors, leaders in community and social psychology, present the results of their empirical research into these problems.
This book provides a wealth of information about institutional pitfalls in higher education professions, advice on how to handle difficult situations, and encouragement to those who persevere in their pursuit of an academic career. Career Strategies for Women in Academia considers the current status of women in higher education; examines women's roles in academe; and provides insights and advice on breaking the `glass ceiling'.
Basing psychological interventions and mental-health treatments on empirically validated `best practice' is the subject of this controversial book.
The first part of the book comprises theoretical issues surrounding the development and promotion of empirically validated interventions. In particular, the contributors consider whether many empirically validated interventions are actually valid with all clients and in all the circumstances claimed for them. Part Two examines a range of specific validated interventions as illustrations of the issues involved in the debate.
This book presents a distinctive approach to organizational consultation and planned change that reflects current research and theorizing about organizational change and effectiveness.
The authors draw on multiple analytical frameworks to produce empirically grounded models of sources of ineffectiveness and forces for change. The book offers workable solutions to critical problems and demonstrates ways to meet organizational challenges such as market downturns, technological change, and alliances with other organizations.
In this book, Steven R Rose presents the concepts, context and applications of a problem-solving approach to group work with children and adolescents who suffer from a wide range of social problems.
The book addresses issues associated with assessment, problem recognition, planning and composition, leadership and activities in a wide range of settings. Phases of group work, practice guidelines and evaluation are also thoroughly considered.
Each contributor provides an overview of general trends, and thoughts about the direction of future research. Topics examined include: manipulation of employee perceptions and values; links between power and accountability; sharing power; the effects of gender on power and influence; illusions of influence; and impression management.
Since the early 1970's, police reform has been a major concern throughout the world. Widespread implementation of various forms of problem-oriented policing, plus the unforeseen decline of crime rates in recent years observed in most Western countries, has focused attention on the need for evaluation studies of policing. How To Recognize Good Policing brings together the research findings and practical experience of acknowledged experts in the field.
In the last 10 years, many countries have seen a rapid expansion in their specific drug treatment services. This book describes the ways in which 20 different countries worldwide have chosen to cope with the spread of illicit drugs and the expansion of services. Contributors from a range of disciplines including sociology, psychology, anthropology, political science, psychoanalysis and criminology present results which provide access to information on drug treatment in these countries, and investigate the cultural and societal context in which drug treatment developed. The book also compares each of the 20 countries on the themes of: women and treatment; financing treatment; and the relationship between alcohol and drug treatment.
Ritual and ceremonial, as formal modes of conduct, are equally ubiquitous appearing in everything from modes of talk and rules of politeness to elaborate protocols for events of state. Ritual and rite, ceremonial and ceremony are symbolic social actions, modes of communication that implicate individuals in the social order, creating realities whilst expressing ideas and attitudes about them. This book combines bibliographic essay and theory construction to provide a unique perspective on ritual as a special and powerful form of communication.
Like its predecessor, the best-selling CyberSociety, published in 1994, Cybersociety 2.0 is rooted in criticism and analysis of computer-mediated technologies to assist readers in becoming critically aware of the hype and hopes pinned on computer-mediated communication and of the cultures that are emerging among Internet users. Both books are products of a particular moment in time, and serve as snapshots of the concerns and issues that surround the burgeoning new technologies of communication.
After a brief introduction to the history of computer-mediated communication, each essay in this volume highlights specific cyber societies and how computer-mediated communication affects the notion of self and its relation to community. Contributors probe issues of community, standards of conduct, communication, means of fixing identity, knowledge, information, and the exercise of power in social relations.
This book provides a review of basic terminology and offers guidelines to the untrained researcher for carrying out `nuts-and-bolts' quality improvement research. Fourteen case studies involving actual health care situations help to demonstrate how such a research project can be implemented.
Through the use of case studies the contributors to this book introduce the practice of primary care medicine. A wide variety of patients and their problems are explored: from involuntary weight loss and Type II diabetes to infantile diarrhoea, early HIV infection and acute lower back pain. The cases are presented through a process of gradual disclosure, each narrative section followed by thought-provoking questions and discussions of the latest relevant research findings.
In this timely volume, editor Janice D Hamlet has chosen essays which illuminate various aspects of African American culture, refracted through the lens of Afrocentric thought. The book examines: Afrocentric ideology and methodology; Afrocentric approaches to the dynamics of communication; the Afrocentric influence on the black aesthetic, with an examination of language, literature, oral tradition, movies and television; and the future of Afrocentric visions.