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Gender Equality and Tourism
Beyond Empowerment
With its questions on the extent to which tourism brings women empowerment, this book will be an engaging and though-provoking read to students and researchers in the areas of tourism, gender studies, development and anthropology.

How far has tourism brought empowerment as autonomy, agency, and authority to the women working in and producing tourism experiences? What are the underlying reasons for the continued biases that hold some women back; or for others how tourism has allowed them to break free, resist and renegotiate gender norms at the personal and societal levels? The first of its kind this book questions on the extent to which tourism brings women empowerment. With global coverage it includes stories of individual women working in many aspects of tourism.

Key Features
• A critical approach to gender and tourism development
• Stories of individual women working across the world in many aspects of tourism
• Truly global experience in its outlook and coverage

Table of Contents:
1: Introduction: Gender Equality, and Tourism: Beyond Empowerment
2: Gender Equality and Tourism: The Global Policy Context
3: Feminist Perspectives in the Development of Action Plans for Tourism
4: ‘An Uneasy Truth?’: Female Tourism Managers and Organizational Gender Equality Measures in Portugal.
5: Tourism as Empowerment: Women Artisan’s Experiences in Central Mexico
6: Trekking to Women’s Empowerment: A Case Study of a Female Operated Travel Company in Ladakh
7: Women and Tourism in the Township: Tourism for Empowerment?
8: Journeys of Emancipation: Disrupting Poverty in Nepal
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Degrowth in Tourism
Conceptual, Theoretical and Philosophical Issues
The modern-day world faces a hostile climate, depleted resources and the destruction of habitats. The dream that growth will lead to a materialistic utopia is left unfulfilled by a lack of ecological and economic capacity. The only choice is to find alternatives to increased growth, transform the structures and institutions currently shaping the world, change lifestyles and articulate a more credible vision for the future and lasting prosperity. As a reaction to the problems accrued by capitalism, new development approaches such as the concept of degrowth have evolved.

Degrowth in Tourism explores newly-emerging development and philosophical approaches that provide more equity for host communities and offer a low-carbon future by looking at alternatives to the classic models of development and applying the concept of degrowth in a tourism context.

Proposing that we need to shift tourism research from models which prioritize commodified tourism experiences to those that offer alternative decommodified ones, this book:

- Provides topical analysis and illustrates the key themes of degrowth;
- Discusses the relationship between tourism and degrowth from both a historic perspective and through contemporary patterns of activity;
- Includes international examples and case studies to translate theory into practical new approaches.

A comprehensive review of the subject, this book will be of great interest to researchers and practitioners within tourism, development, environment and economics, as well as those specifically studying degrowth.

Table of Contents:
1: Introduction
2: Development Theories and Paradigms and their Applicability in Tourism: The Need for a New Paradigm
3: Degrowth Alternatives in Tourism
4: Limits to Growth, Social Movements and the Rise of the Degrowth Paradigm
5: Alternative Travel Lifestyles, Degrowth and Freedom-seeking
6: Impacts of Degrowth in Tourism
7: Conclusion: Moving Toward Degrowth-inspired Traveling
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World Malaria Report 2017
The World Malaria Report 2017 presents a comprehensive state of play in global progress in the fight against malaria up to the end of 2016. It tracks progress in investments in malaria programs and research, malaria prevention, diagnosis and treatment, surveillance, trends in malaria disease burden, malaria elimination, and threats in tackling malaria and safeguarding the investments made.

The report draws on data from 91 countries and areas with ongoing malaria transmission. The information is supplemented by data from national household surveys and databases held by other organizations.

This year's report shows that after an unprecedented period of success in global malaria control, progress has stalled. In 2016, there were an estimated 216 million cases of malaria, an increase of about 5 million cases over 2015. Deaths reached 445,000, a similar number to the previous year.

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State of Health Inequality - Indonesia
This report showcases the state of inequality in Indonesia, drawing from the latest available data across 11 health topics (53 health indicators), and eight dimensions of inequality.

In addition to quantifying the magnitude of health inequality, the report provides background information for each health topic, and discusses priority areas for action and policy implications of the findings. Indicator profiles illustrate disaggregated data by all applicable dimensions of inequality, and electronic data visuals facilitate interactive exploration of the data.

This report was prepared as part of a capacity-building process, which brought together a diverse network of stakeholders committed to strengthening health inequality monitoring in Indonesia. The report aims to raise awareness about health inequalities in Indonesia, and encourage action across sectors.

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Faecal Sludge and Septage Treatment
A Guide for Low and Middle Income Countries
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Global Tuberculosis Report 2017
WHO's Global Tuberculosis Report provides a comprehensive and up-to-date assessment of the TB epidemic and of progress in care and prevention at global, regional and country levels. This is done in the context of recommended global TB strategies and associated targets, and broader development goals. For the period 2016-2035, these are WHO's End TB Strategy and the United Nations' (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which share a common aim: to end the global TB epidemic.

The main data sources for the report are annual rounds of global TB data collection implemented by WHO's Global TB Program since 1995 and databases maintained by other WHO departments, UNAIDS and the World Bank. In WHO's 2017 round of global TB data collection, 201 countries and territories that account for over 99% of the world's population and TB cases reported data.

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Evidence on mechanisms and tools for use of health information for decision-making
The World Health Assembly in 2005 urged Member States to establish or strengthen knowledge transfer mechanisms to support evidence-informed health policies and health care delivery. The European Health Information Initiative was set up to strengthen the use of evidence, information and research for policy-making in the WHO European Region. While good-quality health information is a key component for decision-making, it needs to be packaged and communicated in an effective way to policy-makers, the end-users. This report describes tools and mechanisms that can help to increase the use of health information in policy development. Packaging tools include synthesis methods, such as policy briefs, and visualization methods. Application tools include surveillance data and modelling/simulation to explore the behavior and performance of processes and interventions. Dissemination and communication tools include health information-sharing platforms, newsletters and person-to-person communications. Finally, linkage and exchange tools such as knowledge networks facilitate the dissemination and refining of health information, thus increasing the chance of its translation into policy.

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Participatory Development Practice
Using Traditional and Contemporary Frameworks
From indigenous people’s groups to classroom teachers, community workers and international development workers, comes the desire to build community. Participatory Development Practice provides a theoretical and applied base for rethinking development practice that is deeply influenced by a "community" development tradition, yet is broader, as it links the intra-personal dimension to the participatory, dialogical, community and international dimensions. The book is framed conceptually as implicate method (starting with self), micro (relational), mezzo (group), macro (structuring the work within people’s organizations) and meta (the local-global dimension).

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The Complete CLTS Handbook
From Village to Nation
The main purpose of the book is to bring the focus of the practitioners of CLTS to the most important element of CLTS, namely the unconditional empowerment of the local communities to decide on their collective hygiene behavior practice by themselves. This book is the latest and evolved version of facilitation, training and quality scaling up of CLTS as has been experienced across Asia, Africa and Latin America and documented by the pioneer of CLTS and his close associates. This book has an enormous scope of assisting the governments, NGOs and other major actors of the developing nations to fast-track their efforts of achieving ODF national status, which will culminate into achieving SDG 6.2, in order to become an ODF world.

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Pilgrimage in Practice
Narration, Reclamation and Healing
Pilgrimage in Practice: Narration, Reclamation and Healing provides an interdisciplinary approach to the topic. It reveals many aspects of the practice of pilgrimage, from its nationalistic facets to its effect on economic development; from the impact of the internet to questions of globalization; from pilgrimage as protest to pilgrimage as creative expression in such media as film, art and literature.

- Contests the very definitions of pilgrimage and challenges its paradigms.
- Provides multiple perspectives on the subject to give a rounded and comprehensive review.
- Covers past and present definitions of the sacred journey, the telling of stories, and historical injustices and their remedies through pilgrimage.

Perhaps best understood as a form of heritage tourism or tourism with a conscience, pilgrimage (as with touristic travel) contains a measure of transformation that is often deep and enduring, making it a fascinating area of study. Reviewing social justice in the context of pilgrimage and featuring a diverse collection of interdisciplinary voices from across the globe, this book is a rich collection of papers for researchers of pilgrimage and religious and heritage tourism.

Table of Contents:
Part I: Grounding Pilgrimage
1: The Experience of Medieval Pilgrims on the Route to Santiago de Compostela, Spain: Evidence from the Twelfth Century Pilgrim’s Guide
2: Pilgrimage: A Distinctive Practice
3: Meshworks, Entanglements and Presencing Absence: Pilgrimages, Eastern Free State-style

Part II: Narrating Pilgrimage
4: Pilgrim Writers in Dialogue
5: Medieval Pilgrims in Modern Times: Buñuel’s The Milky Way
6: Richard Burton: Disguise as Journey to the Self and Beyond

Part III: Reclaiming Pilgrimage
7: Children’s Processions to Glasnevin: Contestation, Education, Recreation
8: ‘Non-Sacred’ No More: The Pilgrimage Path Crucán na bPáiste and the Re-valuation of Irish Cultural Practices
9: Spain’s Mystical Adventure: Walking in the Footsteps of Teresa of Ávila

Part IV: Healing and Reconciling through Pilgrimage
10: Dreaming of Al-Quds (Jerusalem): Pilgrimage and Visioning
11: The Future Generations Ride of the Lakota Sioux
12: Pilgrimage and the Challenging of a Canadian Foundational Myth
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Managing for Sustainable Development Impact
An integrated approach to planning, monitoring and evaluation
The development landscape has changed significantly over the last few decades, becoming increasingly complex. Many of the issues we face today such as climate change, poverty and conflict, call for a new way of doing business. This guide shows leaders and development practitioners how to navigate this complexity and manage their initiatives/organizations successfully towards sustainable development impact.

The Managing for Sustainable Development Impact (M4SDI) approach presented in this guide is an integrated, results-oriented management approach, which can be used across a range of sectors and domains in a variety of contexts, and aims to contribute towards the Sustainable Development Goals. It addresses some of the most pressing concerns, such as engaging primary stakeholders, designing effective strategies and related M&E, focusing on capacity development, and responding to change in a complex context.

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Gender, Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning
This book helps gender and development practitioners to understand how to ‘square the circle’ and manage pressure to report on results, while drawing on women’s own perceptions of their lives and gender power relations to highlight areas where economic empowerment cannot deliver the changes needed. Development organizations of all kinds should be looking for the best value for money, using analysis to understand the complex scope of the change needed and allocate their scarce resources (time, attention and money) to genuinely support women living in poverty.

MEL can be used to help guide practitioners in taking decisions responsibly and well, by holding their own organizations to account, and contributing to knowledge which will provide a foundation for better work in future.

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Can We Know Better?
Reflections for Development
This book is intended for all who are committed to human wellbeing and who want to make our world fairer, safer and more fulfilling for everyone, especially those who are "last." It argues that to do better we need to know better. It provides evidence that what we believe we know in international development is often distorted or unbalanced by errors, myths, biases and blind spots. Undue weight has been attached to standardized methodologies such as randomized control trials, systematic reviews, and competitive bidding: these are shown to have huge transaction costs which are rarely if ever recognized in their enormity.

Robert Chambers contrasts a Newtonian paradigm in which the world is seen and understood as controllable with a paradigm of complexity which recognizes that the real world of social processes and power relations is messy and unpredictable. To confront the challenges of complex and emergent realities requires a revolutionary new professionalism. This is underpinned by a new combination of canons of rigor expressed through eclectic methodological pluralism and participatory approaches which reverse and transform power relations. Promising developments include rapid innovations in participatory ICTs, participatory statistics, and the Reality Check Approach with its up-to-date and rigorously grounded insights. Fundamental to the new professionalism, in every country and context, are reflexivity, facilitation, groundtruthing, and personal mindsets, behavior, attitudes, empathy and love.

Robert Chambers surveys the past world of international development, and his own past views, with an honest and critical eye, and then launches into the world of complexity with a buoyant enthusiasm. He draws on almost six decades of experience in varied roles in Africa, South Asia and elsewhere as practitioner, trainer, manager, teacher, evaluator and field researcher, also working in UNHCR and the Ford Foundation. He is a Research Associate and Emeritus Professor at the Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, his base for many years.

Can We Know Better? is essential reading for researchers and students of development, for policy makers and evaluators, and for all those working towards the better world of the Sustainable Development Goals.

Table of Contents:
1. Error and myth
2. Biases and blind spots
3. Lenses and lock-ins
4. Rigour for complexity
5. Power, participation, and knowledge: knowing better together
6. Knowing for a better future
Glossary of Meanings
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Fairtrade Impacts
Lessons from Around the World
Fairtrade goods are claimed to empower producers, and promote sustainable livelihoods, and it is these claims that attract consumers who willingly pay a premium for the sake of the benefits that they expect will be experienced by smallholders in developing countries. But what is the evidence for these improved impacts? How are these benefits measured, and what would be realistic expectations of the degree to which Fairtrade and other sustainability standards can tackle rural poverty in developing countries? Does Fairtrade exclude some groups or geographical regions? Do we know that benefits to smallholders reach their hired laborers? How can Fairtrade and other sustainability standards learn from empirical impact studies to reflect upon their theories of change and improve their impact?

Exploring the impacts of Fairtrade presents a series of rich, detailed case studies from the field distilling insights and lessons about the contribution of Fairtrade and sustainability standards to different social groups in particular geographies. The book contributes to the lively debate on the impact of such schemes by showing the diverse outcomes and impacts that such schemes have as they are adopted or implemented in different geographical production and value chain contexts around the world. The different cases show the many limitations of such schemes, but also discuss potential strategies for improvement.

This book is essential reading for all those interested in value chain development, fair and ethical trade, and sustainability standards, including researchers, students, policy makers, companies and those working for development agencies.

Table of Contents:
1. Introduction: the impact of Fairtrade -- Valerie Jane Nelson
2. Exploring issues of rigour and utility in Fairtrade impact assessment -- Valerie Jane Nelson and Adrienne Martin
3. Why ‘place’ matters in the development and impacts of Fairtrade production -- Cheryl Mcewan, Alex Hughes, David Bek and Zaitun Rosenberg
4. Partnerships in Fairtrade coffee: a close-up look at how buyers and NGOs build supply capacity in Nicaragua -- Jason Donovan and Nigel Poole
5. Enhancing Fairtrade for women workers on plantations: insights from Kenyan agriculture -- Muhaimina Said-Allsopp and Anne Tallontire
6. Access to the Fairtrade system: the geography of certification for social justice -- Alastair M. Smith
7. Fairtrade, sustainability standards, and the informal economy: What role for hired labourers?
8. Fairtrade, fair-trade, fair trade and ethical trade: reflections of a practitioner -- Adam Brett
9. Debate: ‘Does Fairtrade have more impact than conventional trade or trade certified by other sustainability standards?’ -- Matthew Anderson, Philip Booth and Sushil Mohan
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World Health Statistics 2017
Monitoring Health for the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
The World Health Statistics series is WHO's annual compilation of health statistics for its 194 Member States. The series is produced by the WHO Department of Information, Evidence and Research, and of the Health Systems and Innovation Cluster, in collaboration with all relevant WHO technical departments.

World Health Statistics 2017 compiles data on 21 health-related Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) targets with 35 indicators as well as data on life expectancy. This edition also includes, for the first time, success stories from several countries that are making progress towards the health-related SDG targets.

World Health Statistics 2017 is organized into three parts. Part 1 describes six lines of action that WHO is now promoting to help build better systems for health and to achieve the health and health-related SDGs. In Part 2, the status of selected health-related SDG indicators is summarized at both global and regional level based on data available as of early 2017. Part 3 presents a selection of stories that highlight recent successful efforts by countries to improve and protect the health of their populations through one or more of the six lines of action. Annexes A and B present country-level estimates for selected health-related SDG indicators.

As in previous years, World Health Statistics 2017 has been compiled primarily using publications and databases produced and maintained by WHO or United Nations groups of which WHO is a member such as the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME). Additionally, a number of statistics have been derived from data produced and maintained by other international organizations such as the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) and its Population Division.

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National Health Inequality Monitoring
A Step-by-Step Manual
The National Health Inequality Monitoring: A Step-by-Step Manual was designed to serve as a highly accessible, practical reference for the practice of health inequality monitoring. Organized according to a flow chart, the manual helps readers to anticipate and navigate practical considerations that underlie health inequality monitoring.

The overarching goals of the manual are:
- to assist with the establishment of health inequality monitoring systems in countries where it is not currently conducted;
- to strengthen this practice in countries where it is conducted; and
- to encourage all countries to integrate regular health inequality monitoring into their national health information systems.

Through this resource, we aim to strengthen capacity for health inequality monitoring across settings with varied priorities, capabilities, resources, and/or data availability. Further, we hope that this manual will foster regular reporting of inequalities in diverse health topics and encourage greater integration of the results of health inequality monitoring within policies, programs, and practices.

Following a brief introduction to health inequality monitoring, the manual is organized around four main sections, each devoted to one step of health inequality monitoring. The steps form the basis of a flow chart for the practice of health inequality monitoring. In each of the four sections, an expanded version of the flow chart (which is included in full at the end of the manual) displays sub-steps, key questions, and itemized checklists of data requirements, analysis/reporting activities, and/or decision points. The fifth step, which covers how to implement changes based on the results of health inequality monitoring, is addressed in the section "Health inequality monitoring: a brief overview."

Guidance is provided through brief, practical texts, and, where applicable, sample templates. In addition, the manual outlines pertinent examples and resources at each step with recommended references for more in-depth exploration of issues related to health inequality monitoring. A glossary provides a quick reference for key terminology encountered throughout the manual.

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Indigenous Knowledge
Enhancing its Contribution to Natural Resources Management
Incorporating indigenous knowledge (IK) is crucial to effective development. This global research-level book on IK and natural resources management addresses cutting edge issues relating to soil management and land degradation, weed and pest control, crop breeding and yields, agro-biodiversity conservation, food production and marketing, climate change adaptation, forest use and agroforestry. It also includes discussion of methodological issues such as IK's integration into agricultural science and technology, technology innovation and adoption, systematic approaches to local management, integration of social and ecological processes, participatory methods and "citizen" science, use of videos, the role of international agencies, power dynamics and gender issues.

Table of Contents:
1: Indigenous Knowledge and Natural Resources Management: An Introduction Featuring Wildlife

Part 1: Change and dynamism
2: The dynamic nature of indigenous agricultural knowledge. An analysis of change among the Baka (Congo Basin) and the Tsimane’ (Amazon)
3: Contingency and adaptation over five decades in Nuaulu forest-based plant knowledge.
4: "Keeping our milpa": maize production and management of trees by Nahuas of the Sierra de Zongolica, Mexico
5: The contested space that local knowledge occupies: Understanding the veterinary knowledges and practices of livestock farmers in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Part 2: Diffusion and extension
6: Integrating indigenous knowledge for technology adoption in agriculture
7: Seeds of the devil weed: Local knowledge and learning from videos in Mali.
8: "I will continue to fight them": Local knowledge, everyday resistance and adaptation to climate change in semi-arid Tanzania

Part 3: Conservation and sustainability
9: Indigenous Soil Enrichment for food security and climate change in Africa and Asia: A Review
10: Will the real raised-field agriculture please rise? Indigenous knowledge and the resolution of competing visions of one way to farm wetlands.
11: Andean cultural affirmation and cultural integration in context: reflections on indigenous knowledge for the in situ conservation of agrobiodiversity.
12: The indigenous knowledge of crop diversity and evolution.

Part 4: Complexity and variability
13: Investigating farmers’ knowledge and practice regarding crop seeds: beware your assumptions!
14: Traditional domestic knowledge and skills in post-harvest processes: A focus on food crop storage
15: The local wisdom of Balinese subaks
16: Indigenous agriculture and the politics of knowledge
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Poor People's Energy Outlook 2017
This edition is the second in a new suite of three PPEOs. It takes the Total Energy Access framework developed in previous editions and illustrates how it can be operationalized in terms of planning, energy planning (2016), financing (2017), and delivering at scale (2018).

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Panorama energético de los pobres 2016
¿Qué necesidades energéticas señalan los pobres de los países en desarrollo como las más acuciantes? ¿Iluminación eléctrica? ¿Cocinas no contaminantes y modernas? ¿Energía para los centros de salud? Aprovechando la información obtenida en las exhaustivas consultas realizadas a las comunidades que viven en situación de pobreza energética seleccionadas en Bangladesh, Kenia y Togo, el PPEO 2016 arroja luz sobre las prioridades relativas al acceso a la energía de algunas de las comunidades más pobres y marginadas del mundo, poniendo de relieve la combinación de soluciones energéticas que podría permitirles conseguir un mejor nivel de vida.

En los últimos años, el acceso a la energía ha sido considerado como un factor clave para el desarrollo internacional y, en consecuencia, ha recibido gran atención a nivel global, llegando a ser incluido en los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible del año 2015. Sin embargo, la inmensa mayoría de los programas elaborados hasta la fecha no son adecuados, lo que ha provocado que más dos mil millones de personas no dispongan de acceso a la energía o no cuenten con servicios energéticos apropiados, seguros, fiables y asequibles. Si no hacemos frente a esta situación, las perspectivas para los pobres y de cara a la consecución del acceso universal a la energía para el año 20130 seguirán siendo sombrías.

A fin de abordar esta injusticia, el PPEO 2016 ofrece una estrategia alternativa para la planificación energética nacional que incluye las necesidades y las prioridades manifestadas por las personas que viven en la pobreza energética. El análisis de las implicaciones que tienen esas necesidades y prioridades para el acceso a la energía desde la planificación hasta puesta en práctica de los planes ofrece a los responsables de adoptar decisiones de los países una oportunidad de oro para conseguir los objetivos de acceso a la energía de forma más rápida, económica y sostenible que con los planes y las políticas actuales.

Esta edición, la primera de una nueva serie de tres PPEO, utiliza el sistema de Acceso Total a la Energía que desarrollamos en ediciones anteriores e ilustra cómo ponerlo en práctica desde el punto de vista de la planificación (la presente edición), la financiación (2017) y el suministro a escala (2018).

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Perspectives énergétiques des populations pauvres 2016
Si on donnait la parole aux populations pauvres des pays en développement, quels besoins en matière d’énergie identifieraient-elles comme les plus urgents ? L’éclairage électrique ? Des fourneaux de cuisine propres et modernes ? De l’électricité pour les cliniques médicales ? En s’appuyant sur une consultation approfondie d’une sélection de communautés pauvres en énergie au Bangladesh, au Kenya et au Togo, le rapport Perspectives Énergétiques des Populations Pauvres 2016 (PPEO) met en lumière les priorités en matière d’accès à l’énergie de communautés parmi les plus pauvres et les plus marginales du monde. Le rapport met en exergue, la combinaison de solutions énergétiques qui pourrait contribuer à l’amélioration de leur niveau de vie.

Ces dernières années, l’accès à l’énergie a été reconnu comme un facteur essentiel du développement international et a, en conséquence, bénéficié d’une large médiatisation au niveau international, jusqu’à être intégré aux Objectifs de Développement Durable du PNUD en 2015. Toutefois, la grande majorité des programmes mis en oeuvre jusqu’à ce jour se sont avérés inadéquats. C’est pourquoi plus de 2 milliards de personnes n’ont toujours aucun accès à l’énergie ou ne bénéficient toujours pas de services énergétiques adaptés, sûrs, fiables et abordables. Si cette situation n’est pas remise en cause, les perspectives resteront moroses pour les populations pauvres et pour les aspirations mondiales à universaliser l’accès à l’énergie d’ici 2030.

Pour remédier à cette injustice, le rapport PEPP 2016 propose un cadre alternatif en matière de planification énergétique nationale, qui intègre les besoins et les priorités exprimés par les populations pauvres en énergie. En explorant la planification de l’accès à l’énergie de manière ascendante, il offre aux décideurs nationaux une occasion inespérée pour atteindre les objectifs nationaux en matière d’accès à l’énergie de façon plus rapide, plus abordable et plus durable qu’en suivant le statu quo.

Cette édition est la première d’un nouvel ensemble de trois rapports PEPP qui s’appuient sur le cadre d’Accès total à l’énergie développé dans les éditions précédentes et illustrent comment celui-ci peut être mis en oeuvre en termes de planification (la présente édition), de financement (2017) et de mise en oeuvre à l’échelle (2018).

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