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The first textbook to consider gender perspectives in relation to the whole undergraduate law curriculum in England and Wales. Gender is of central importance in every area of law and every area of people?s lives but is rarely mentioned in the formal LLB syllabus; this book is designed to fill some of those gaps. Eighteen chapters, written by experts in the field, cover all the core modules on the English LLB together with 11 of the most popular options.
Aimed at students and lecturers on undergraduate and postgraduate Gender and Law modules, the book will also be useful for all LLB and LLM students studying English law, who may use it to accompany their studies from their first to their final year, and also for prospective law students, legal scholars from outside England and Wales, and scholars in other disciplines.
Das Werk etabliert f�r besondere gerichtliche Entscheidungen den Begriff der Leitentscheidung. Es zeigt, dass Leitentscheidungen erst in einem Entwicklungsprozess nach ihrer Verk�ndung zu solchen werden. Dabei spielen die verunsicherten Selbstverst�ndnisse verschiedener Interpretenkollektive sowie eine bestimmte Verwendung der gerichtlichen Entscheidung eine wichtige Rolle. Diese These wird ankn�pfend an die literatur- und kulturwissenschaftliche Kanonforschung sowie in Auseinandersetzung mit den Urteilen Marbury v. Madison, L�th und Van Gend & Loos entwickelt. Eine Untersuchung der Argumentation mit dem EuGH-Urteil Kadi in Wissenschaft, Unionsgerichtsbarkeit und Politik identifiziert die Besonderheiten der Leitentscheidungsentwicklung im Unionsrecht.
This book is exceptional in the sense that it provides an introduction to law in general rather than the law of one specific jurisdiction, and it presents a unique way of looking at legal education. It is crucial for lawyers to be aware of the different ways in which societal problems can be solved and to be able to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of different legal solutions. In this respect, being a lawyer involves being able to reason like a lawyer, even more than having detailed knowledge of particular sets of rules. Introduction to Law reflects this view by focusing on the functions of rules and on ways of arguing the relative qualities of alternative legal solutions. Where ?positive? law is discussed, the emphasis is on the legal questions that must be addressed by a field of law and on the different solutions which have been adopted by, for instance, the common law and civil law tradition. The law of specific jurisdictions is discussed to illustrate possible answers to questions such as when the existence of a valid contract is assumed.
Dieses Praxishandbuch basiert auf dem Erfahrungsschatz von �ber 40 Pers�nlichkeiten aus Universit�ten, der �ffentlichen Verwaltung und der Privatwirtschaft. Mit seinem Querschnitt durch wichtige praxisrelevante Aspekte von Legal Operations Management richtet sich das Werk nicht nur an Legal und General Counsels, sondern auch an Aufsichtsr�te, CEOs, CFOs und weitere F�hrungskr�fte von KMU, Gro�unternehmen und multinationaler Konzerne sowie an Beh�rden und Anwaltskanzleien. Es richtet sich an diejenigen Personen, die sich bei ihrer Arbeit vertieft mit der Funktion des Rechts, dem Aufbau, der Organisation von Rechtsabteilungen und deren Optimierung auseinandersetzen wollen. Es stellt eine wichtige Inspirationsquelle f�r eigenst�ndige L�sungen des Managements von Recht in Unternehmen und Beh�rden dar.
Spheres of Global Justice analyzes six of the most important and controversial spheres of global justice, each concerning a specific global social good. These spheres are democratic participation, migrations, cultural minorities, economic justice, social justice, and intergenerational justice. Together they constitute two constellations dealt with, in this collection of essays by leading scholars, in two different volumes: Global Challenges to Liberal Democracy and Fair Distribution. These essays illustrate each of the spheres, delving into their differences, commonalities, collisions and interconnections.�
Unlike many writings on global justice, Spheres of Global Justice does not content itself with describing the painful and advantageous effects of the globalization process as being ipso facto a global injustice or a just global order. Rather, this multidisciplinary collection of essays, from a pluralist inspiration, combines empirical analysis with theoretical approaches and ethical principles, paying close attention to two aspects of the effects of the globalization process. These aspects are the causal relationships that lead to such effects and the kinds of obligations, or of normative relationships between global rights and correlative duties, that applies to each specific individual case. This volume illustrates how diverse global obligations are, and how they can be, grounded in diverse relationships (identity, ability to provide help, causal responsibility, past injustices, protection of agency and promotion of independence, etc.). These essays also demonstrate that an ethical global approach has not only international or transnational, but also domestic, local and interpersonal dimensions.
This anthology discusses important issues surrounding environmental law and economics and provides an in-depth analysis of its use in legislation, regulation and legal adjudication from a neoclassical and behavioural law and economics perspective.
Environmental issues raise a vast range of legal questions: to what extent is it justifiable to rely on markets and continued technological innovation, especially as it relates to present exploitation of scarce resources? Or is it necessary for the state to intervene? Regulatory instruments are available to create and maintain a more sustainable society: command and control regulations, restraints, Pigovian taxes, emission certificates, nudging policies, etc. If regulation in a certain legal field is necessary, which policies and methods will most effectively spur sustainable consumption and production in order to protect the environment while mitigating any potential negative impact on economic development? Since the related problems are often caused by scarcity of resources, economic analysis of law can offer remarkable insights for their resolution.
Part I underlines the foundations of environmental law and economics. Part II analyses the effectiveness of economic instruments and regulations in environmental law. Part III is dedicated to the problems of climate change. Finally, Part IV focuses on tort and criminal law. The twenty-one chapters in this volume deliver insights into the multifaceted debate surrounding the use of economic instruments in environmental regulation in Europe.
One of the hallmarks of the present era is the discourse surrounding Human Rights and the need for the law to recognise them. Various national and supranational human rights instruments have been developed and implemented in order to transition society away from atrocity and callousness toward a more just and inclusive future. In some countries this is done by means of an overarching constitution, while in others international conventions or ordinary legislation hold sway.
Contract law plays a pivotal role in this context. According to many, this is done through the much-debated ?civilising mission? of the contract, a notion which itself constitutes the canon of the Western liberal principle of ?civilised economy?. The movement away from the belief in the absolute freedom of contract, which reached its zenith in the nineteenth century, to the principles of fairness and justice that underpin contract law today, is often deemed to be a testament to this civilising influence.
Delving into the interplay between human rights policies, constitutional law, and contract law from both theoretical and practical perspectives, this first volume of a two-book collection offers a totally new reappraisal of the subject by gathering a collection of essays written by contract law scholars from Europe, South Africa, Canada, and Australia. Instead of providing the reader with a sterile compilation of positivistic norms and policies on the impact of fundamental rights and constitutional law issues on contract law?s development, the authors build on their personal experience to analyse specific topics related to contracting that include a constitutional dimension. The book fills an important void in comparative law scholarship and in so doing represents the starting point for further debate on the subject.
The original essays in this book address the influential writings of Peter A. French on the nature of responsibility, ethics, and moral practices. French?s contributions to a wide spectrum of philosophical discussions have made him a dominant figure in the fields of normative ethics, meta-ethics, applied ethics, as well as legal and political philosophy. Many of French?s deepest insights come from identifying and exploring the scope and nature of moral responsibility and human agency as they appear in actual events, real social and cultural practices, as well as in literature and film. This immediacy renders French?s scholarship vital and accessible to a wide variety of audiences. The authors, recognized for their own contributions to the understanding of the nature of morality and moral practices offer new and unique positions while exploring, expanding and responding to those of French. The final chapter is written by French, in which he provides both new philosophical insight as well as some reflection on his own work and its influence. This book will appeal to philosophers, as well as advanced students and researchers in the humanities, social sciences, law, and political science.
Korbinian Hartl beleuchtet die Rollen von Suchmaschinen innerhalb der verfassungsrechtlichen Ordnung. Dogmatisch geht der Autor zun�chst der Verortung von Suchmaschinen innerhalb der Kommunikationsgrundrechte nach, um aufbauend darauf die Frage nach dem ?Ob? einer Reaktionspflicht des Gesetzgebers auf vorhandenes Wirkpotential zu behandeln. Den Abschluss bildet die Auseinandersetzung mit Regulierungsoptionen de lege ferenda. Innerhalb der verfassungsrechtlichen Ordnung werden Suchmaschinen nicht als rein technische ?Dokumentensammler?, sondern als mit eigener Wirkmacht versehene zentrale Instanzen betrachtet.
This book examines the practice of transitional justice in the Solomon Islands from the period of the ?The Tensions? to the present. In late 1998, the Solomon Islands were plunged into a period of violent civil conflict precipitated by a complex web of grievances, injustices, ethnic tensions, and economic insecurities. This conflict dragged on until the middle of 2003, leaving an estimated 200 people dead and more than 20 000 displaced from their homes. In the time that has elapsed since the end of The Tensions, numerous?at times incompatible?approaches to transitional justice have been implemented in the Solomon Islands. The contributors to this volume examine how key global trends and debates about transitional justice were played out in the Solomon Islands, how its key mechanisms were adapted to meet the specific demands of post-conflict justice in this local context, and how well its practices and processes fulfilled their perceived functions.
This book presents a general method that lawyers, prosecutors and judges can follows to assess the quality and scientific content of technical work done for an accident and crime scene reconstruction. Using multilevel sequence of events analysis allows all key events to be fully identified, which in turn assists judicial bodies in identifying where to assign specific criminal liability. Created from a concept long sought by the two authors (an engineer and an attorney), the method allows readers without any technical background to progress from an examination of evidence gathered at the scene of a complex accident and to reconstruct beyond reasonable doubt the events that took place. Once created and scientifically verified by the sequence of events analysis, the chain of key events serves as a reference source for various levels of complex organizations and inter-organization structures in cases involving complex criminal responsibilities.
Der Architekten- und Ingenieur-Honorarprozess vor Gericht stellt besondere Anforderungen an beide Parteien, den Aufraggeber und den Aufragnehmer, sowie deren Prozessbevollm�chtigte. Dies gilt gleicherma�en f�r die materiellen Anspruchsvoraussetzungen als auch hinsichtlich der prozessualen Besonderheiten des Honorarrechtsstreits. F�r den Kl�ger kommt es darauf an, den Honoraranspruch unter Beachtung der Rechtsprechung schl�ssig darzulegen und die Weichen im Verlauf des�Prozesses richtig zu stellen. Dabei liegt ein besonderes Augenmerk auf der Honorarermittlung nach der HOAI. Der Beklagte muss eine effektive Verteidigungsstrategie festlegen. Dargestellt werden dabei nicht nur die relevanten Einwendungen, Einreden und denkbare Gegenforderungen, sondern auch den Prozess betreffende Fragen und Besonderheiten. F�r Gesamtschuldf�lle werden Fragen der Sicherung von m�glichen Regressanspr�chen er�rtert.
This book is about the International Criminal Court (ICC), a new and highly distinctive criminal justice institution with the ability to prosecute the highest-level government officials, including heads of state, even in countries that have not accepted its jurisdiction. The book explores the historical development of international criminal law and the formal legal structure created by the Rome Statute, against the background of the Court?s search for objectivity in a political global environment. The book reviews the operations of the Court in practice and the Court?s position in the power politics of the international system. It discusses and clarifies all stages of an international criminal proceeding from the opening of the investigation to sentencing, reparations, and final appeals in the context of its restorative justice mission. Making appropriate comparisons and contrasts between the international criminal justice system and domestic and national systems, the book fills a gap in international criminal justice study.