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The exponential scaling in CMOS transistor sizes over the past three decades have enabled spectacular advances in integrated circuit technology, allowing the integration of more than a billion transistors in modern very large-scale integrated (VLSI) circuits. Over the last four decades, transistor scaling has followed Moore's law, and according to projections made by the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS), minimum feature sizes are expected to reach 22nm by 2012. The primary drivers for transistor scaling are the associated benefits of lower system costs, improved performance, and system reliability.
However, continuous device and interconnect scaling trends in deep submicron designs have created new challenges for integrated circuit designers such as increased interconnect delays due to rising parasitic resistance and capacitance of on-chip wiring, increased on-chip power densities, and performance and reliability problems posed by on-chip thermal gradients and thermal-hotspots. Thus, the major challenge is in achieving reliable, high-performance system implementations, all the way from the micro-architecture level down to the layout level. In order to realize such an implementation, a unified physical-level and high-level synthesis method becomes paramount, to ensure predictability of HLS design flows and minimize design iterations.
This book offers comprehensive coverage of identification and adaptive control while familiarizing graduate students and practicing engineers with computational software tools such as MATLAB and SIMULINK and describing the underlying theoretical concepts. Identification is the process of mathematically modeling a system based on measurement data that may be limited or uncertain. Adaptive control is the means whereby a system that is poorly modeled is controlled adequately. Therefore the topical coverage is divided into two parts: Part I describes fundamental topics of system identification independent of adaptive control and discusses nonparametric and parameteric estimation methods while emphasizing least squares techniques instrumental variables and prediction error methods. Part II describes various methods of adaptive control in which the materials discussed in Part I are essential for control purposes, including model reference, adaptive control and self-tuning regulators.
This book presents methods for the analysis of rotorcraft-pilot couplings, discusses typical phenomena, and suggests ways to predict and reduce adverse coupling events at the design stage. The book is divided into three parts; the first offers an introduction to a ?modern? approach to the modeling of complex systems applied to rotorcraft aeromechanics, pilot biomechanics, and their interaction, namely biodynamic feedthrough. The second part presents a general approach for simulation of the coupled pilot-vehicle system and analyzes specific stability problems in detail. The final part focuses specifically on alleviation and prevention of adverse rotorcraft-pilot couplings with the aim of designing a cockpit with reduced sensitivity to biodynamic feedthrough. It explains how robust stability analysis can improve the design of the pilot-vehicle interface and how simple parametric models can assist in designing tuned impedance control devices that will increase the robustness of the coupled pilot-vehicle system.
Building on the existing Handbook of Data Communications and Networks, and The Complete Handbook of the Internet, this book covers every aspect of computer and network security. Includes an analysis of the physical connection and data transfer over networks, the security strengths and weaknesses of network protocols, common session protocols (such as HTTP and FTP), the most popular network operating systems, network security devices, mobile networks, and an in-depth analysis of the principles and implementation of public-key encryption. The book is packed with practical security examples, advice, tips and techniques, including usable router programming commands and screen shots showing key security principles.
A basic introduction to the technologies and applications of nanomanipulation in different fields. Designed to help engineers and scientists working in all facets of nanoscience understand and learn to work with the functionalities in other fields.
Das Buch erl�utert die Grundlagen der Zusammenarbeit von �ffentlichen Auftraggebern und privaten Unternehmen bei Bauprojekten, schildert anschaulich den gesamten Prozess des PPP und vertieft die Theorie anhand aktueller Praxisbeispiele. Ein Fachbuch f�r Einsteiger in die Thematik des Public Private Partnership und Studierende mit dem Schwerpunkt Baubetrieb.
This excellent volume lays out methods for the analysis and design of inertial micromachined sensors. The aim of the book is to provide readers with a solid foundation in the theory of inertial measurement, introduce them to design fundamentals, and provide them with design recipes for implementation of inertial instruments on the micro-scale. All of the discussions in the book are supported by constructive computational examples illustrating the material.
Large-scale system refers to a system that consists of several interconnected subsystems. In large-scale systems it is often desired to have some form of decentralization in control structure. In fact, for such systems it is not realistic to assume that all output measurements can be transmitted to every local control station. Problems of this kind appear for example in electric power systems, communication networks, large space structures, robotic systems, economic systems and traffic networks, to name only a few. Typical large-scale control systems have several local control stations which observe only local outputs and control only local outputs. All controllers are involved, however, in the control operation of the overall system.
Decentralized Control of Large-Scale Systems provides various analysis and design techniques for decentralized control of large-scale systems. A systematic study of multi-input, muti-output systems with a special focus on industrial applications is given.
This reference book offers a comprehensive understanding of the theoretical and technological aspects of the corrosion inhibitors applied to industrial water systems. It is intended for researchers, engineers and students working in the fields of material science (i.e., corrosion and corrosion prevention by inhibitors) and water chemistry (i.e. treatment and recycling of industrial water).